Everything you wanted to know about the EU But were afraid to ask

Author: Robert Oulds
Price: £9.99 With a Referendum on Britain’s membership of the EU now firmly on the cards it is time for an open, accessible and accurate book about the EU that is free from jargon and prejudice. This is that book.
The aim of this book is to inform the reader about the EU and the issues surrounding it. The book will achieve this without seeking to prejudice people into thinking one way or the other but will remain accessible, interesting and in many parts offer the reader an enjoyable grounding in all they need and want to know about the European Union. It will use the author’s special knowledge of being at the heart of the EU debate for over a decade and convey this to all those that purchase this book.
It will give the reader insights insight into how things work in the EU, the personalities involved, how the EU interacts with national governments and the wider world and of course the reader themselves.
This book:
• Focuses on a subject that is becoming increasingly relevant both in Britain and on the continent
• Covers many regions and countries
• Includes original features which give a new perspective on the EU
• Is ideal for serialisation, the British press often report on books about the European Union. It is a hot debate that will not go away.
This book will explain to the reader what they need to know and take advantage of a proven interest in an increasingly important topic.

About the Author
The author, Robert Oulds, is the Director of the Bruges Group, a very well-known think tank specialising in the EU. This has given him a detailed knowledge of EU affairs and has brought him into contact with the main players in the EU and British government. He has used these contacts and access to documents not usually seen by the public to produce this book. Robert is an experienced TV, radio and press performer.





REFERENCES and SOURCES

Notes and Sources

Introduction
  Thoburn v Sunderland City Council [2002] EWHC 195 (Admin), [2003] QB 151 ("Metric Martyrs" ruling) 18th Feb 2002

A snapshot of the EU
  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:1988:185:0009:0020:EN:PDF
  John Griffing and George Buchan, British Regionalization: Divide and Conquer, the Bruges Group, 2012
  Rotherham, Dr Lee, How EU laws are made, the Bruges Group, 2010
  http://eu ropa.eu/whoiswho/public/index.cfm?fuseaction=idea.hierarchy&nodeID=4500&lang=en
  http://www.europarl.europa.eu/aboutparliament/en/0081f4b3c7/Law-making-procedures-in-detail.html
  http://nationalplatform.org/2013/01/12/tackling-the-eueurozones-assault-on-national-democracy/#more-412
  Miller, Vaughne, How much legislation comes from Europe?, Research Paper (House of Commons) 10/62, 13th October 2010
  http://www.businessweek.com/ap/2012-06-27/kissinger-says-calling-europe-quote-not-likely-his
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  http://ec.europa.eu/budget/explained/budg_system/financing/fin_en.cfm
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  http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2329554/EU-expenses-MEPs-Brussels-earn-740-average-citizen-enjoy-free-haircuts-gallons-petrol.html
  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-24286784

The trouble with the EU
  Gavin Thompson and Daniel Harari, The economic impact of EU membership on the UK, SN/EP/6730, The House of Commons, 17th September 2013
  https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/221513/eu_finances_2012.pdf pages 14 - 17
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  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2004:229:0035:0048:en:PDF
  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/7885918.stm
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  Anthony Scholefield, Warning: Immigration Can Seriously Damage Your Wealth, the Social Affairs Unit, 2007
  Christian Dustmann, Tommaso Frattini and Ian Preston, CDP No 03/08, The Effect of Immigration along the Distribution of Wages, 2008
  Gavin Thompson and Daniel Harari, The economic impact of EU membership on the UK, SN/EP/6730, The House of Commons, 17th September 2013
  http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/datablog/2013/aug/09/remittances-britain-data
  http://blog.euromonitor.com/2011/09/regional-focus-remittances-inflows-crucial-for-many-eastern-european-consumers.html
  Congdon, Professor Tim, How much does the European Union cost Britain? 2013
  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/10375358/True-scale-of-European-immigration.html
  http://niesr.ac.uk/blog/benefit-tourism-commission-gives-us-some-facts#.UoJIi5hFB2t
  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/immigration/10442352/Roma-migrants-could-cause-riots-in-cities-warns-Blunkett.html
  http://www.europarl.europa.eu/aboutparliament/en/displayFtu.html?ftuId=FTU_5.2.10.html
  http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201012/cmselect/cmenvaud/879/879vw27.htm
  http://www.oecd.org/general/thedohadevelopmentroundoftradenegotiationsunderstandingtheissues.htm
  http://www.marinemanagement.org.uk/fisheries/statistics/documents/ukseafish/2012/final.pdf
  The European Fishing Industry, Struan Stevenson MEP, President of the Fisheries Committee of the European Parliament, page 9 http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php?title=File:Total_catches_in_all_fishing_regions,_2000-2010_(1_000_tonnes_live_weight).png&filetimestamp=20121022153701
  http://www.europarl.europa.eu/aboutparliament/en/displayFtu.html?ftuId=FTU_5.3.9.html
  http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php?title=File:Total_catches_in_all_fishing_regions,_2000-2010_(1_000_tonnes_live_weight).png&filetimestamp=20121022153701
  UK Sea Fisheries Statistics 2007, Marine & Fisheries Agency, 2012, page 24
  http://www.marinemanagement.org.uk/fisheries/statistics/documents/ukseafish/2012/final.pdf
  Batten, Gerard, How Much Does the European Union Cost Britain? 2008, the Bruges Group
  http://www.seafish.org/media/486918/faqs%20web%20version%20010711.pdf
  Office of National Statistics, Pink Book 2012, Chapter 9.1 Summary Current Transactions 2011
  Office of National Statistics Pink Book 2012, Chapter 9, Table 9.1 Balances Current Account
  Milne, Ian, Global Britain Briefing Note No 87 UK Trade in 2012, Growing, and in surplus, outside the EU; shrinking, and in massive deficit, with the EU, 6th September 2013
  HM Revenue and Customs, Analysis of Asymmetries in intra-community trade statistics with particular regard to the impact of the Rotterdam and Antwerp effects, EDICOM REPORT 200453202017, December 2005
  Milne, Ian, Global Britain Briefing Note No 70, EU Customs Duties, 7th January 2011
  http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/agreements/#_europe
  http://ec.europa.eu/taxation_customs/common/international_affairs/wco/index_en.htm
  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:265:0018:0038:en:PDF
  The European Commission, Anti-Dumping, Anti-Subsidy Safeguard Statistics Covering the First Nine Months of 2013, September 2013, page 2
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2013/august/tradoc_151694.pdf
  http://www.efta.int/eea/policy-areas/goods/competition-aid-procurement-ipr/procurement
  Department for Business Innovation and Skills, BIS Economics Paper No. 11, The economic consequences for the UK and the EU of completing the Single Market, February 2011, page vi
http://www.bis.gov.uk/assets/BISCore/economics-and-statistics/docs/E/11-517-economic-consequences-of-completing-single-market.pdf
  European Commission, The Internal Market – Ten Years without Frontiers
http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/top_layer/historical_overview/docs/workingdoc_en.pdf
  http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/indprop/patent/
  http://www.cfr.org/trade/better-regulation-freer-trade/p28508
  http://sunnyday.mit.edu/accidents/MCO_report.pdf
  http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msp98/news/mco991110.html
  UK-EU economic relations – key statistics, House of Commons Library, SN/EP/6091, 13th February 2013, page 6
  http://ec.europa.eu/governance/impact/index_en.htm
  Financial Times, 8th November 2004
  Regulation - Less is More: Reducing Burdens, Improving Outcomes, A BRTF report to the Prime Minister, 2005 http://www.bis.gov.uk/files/file22967.pdf
  Review of the Dutch Administrative Burden Reduction Programme, World Bank Group, 2007 http://www.doingbusiness.org/~/media/FPDKM/Doing%20Business/Documents/Special-Reports/DB-Dutch-Admin.pdf
  http://euobserver.com/economic/22610
  http://www.worldcommercereview.com/publications/article_pdf/66
  http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200607/cmselect/cmeuleg/519/519we10.htm
  CBI, Our Global Future: The business vision for a reformed EU, November 2013
http://www.cbi.org.uk/media/2451423/our_global_future.pdf
  http://www.freebritain.org.uk/_blog/Free_Britain/post/newrules/
  http://www.brugesgroup.com/SpeechByRolandVaubel2010.pdf
  Rosa, Professor Jean-Jacques, Saying ‘No’ to the Single Market, Bruges Group, 2013, pages 15 - 25
  North, Dr Richard, The Norway Option: Re-joining the EEA as an alternative to membership of the European Union, the Bruges Group, 2013, pages 10 - 28
  http://www.agri-pulse.com/Op-Ed-Korves-US-EU-Trade-Agreement-and-Precautionary-Principle-07032013.asp
  http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/in-focus/ttip/
  Mason, William, The Costs of Regulation – and How the EU Makes Them Worse, the Bruges Group, 2008
  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:61999A0013:EN:HTML
  Bellis, Robin, “Implementation of EU legislation. An independent study for the Foreign & Commonwealth Office, 2003,
  Mason, William, The Costs of Regulation – and How the EU Makes Them Worse, the Bruges Group, 2008
  The Daily Telegraph, 1st January 1999
  Keohane, David, Euro: Why strength could be the single currency’s undoing. Financial Times, 17th April 2013
  https://www.destatis.de/EN/FactsFigures/NationalEconomyEnvironment/ForeignTrade/ForeignTrade.html  Crossing Continents, BBC Radio 4, 14th January 2011
  Conquest, Richard, German Economic Policy and the Euro 1999-2010, the Bruges Group, 2011
  The World Bank DataBank, 2013, http://databank.worldbank.org/data/views/reports/tableview.
aspx
  World Bank. Data - Unemployment, total (% of total labour force) 2013, http://data.worldbank.org/
indicator/SL.UEM.TOTL.ZS
  http://www.baltic-course.com/eng/analytics/?doc=54355
  Higgins, Andrew, Used to Hardship, Latvia Accepts Austerity, and Its Pain Eases, The New York
Times, 2nd January 2013
  Interactive currency-comparison tool: The Big Mac Index, The Economist, 2013. http://www.economist.com/content/big-mac-index
  Filipowicz, Josef, Monoculture: A Metaphoric Analysis of European Integration, the Bruges Group, 2013
  Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose, The Daily Telegraph, 17th September 2013
  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/financialcrisis/10318826/EU-and-IMF-warn-of-downside-risks-to-Cyprus-economy-as-unemployment-spikes.html
  Verdú, Daniel, “Journey to Iceland’s cultural miracle.” El País, 22nd March 2013
  Financial Times 20th May 2010
  http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/apr/24/trust-eu-falls-record-low
  http://www.cnbc.com/id/100411272
  http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/eb/eb77/eb77_citizen_en.pdf
  Stanley, Luke, A European Supra-National Identity: The Solution to the European Union’s Crisis of Legitimacy?, the Bruges Group 2013
  European Commission, Special Eurobarometer 386: Europeans and their languages http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_386_en.pdf
  De Witte, Bruno, ‘Cultural Legitimation: Back to the Language Question’, in European
Identity, page 157
  Stanley, Luke, A European Supra-National Identity: The Solution to the European Union’s Crisis of Legitimacy?, the Bruges Group 2013
  http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/wp/2013/10/01/589-days-with-no-elected-government-what-happened-in-belgium/  http://www.totalpolitics.com/quotes/?tag=European+Integration&count=13
  http://www.globalbritain.org/bbc.asp
  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/1866598.stm
  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/bbc/9055183/BBC-admits-receiving-millions-in-grants-from-EU-and-councils.html
  http://www.brugesgroup.com/eu/propaganda-how-the-eu-uses-education-and-academia-to-sell-integration.html?keyword=8
  http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/nuremberg/goering1.html
   http://ec.europa.eu/research/social-sciences/pdf/global-europe-2050-summary-report_en.pdf

A question of influence
  http://europa.eu/about-eu/agencies/executive_agencies/index_en.htm
  HM Revenue and Customs KAI Data Policy and Coordination, HMRC TAX & NIC RECEIPTS Monthly and annual historical record, 21st August 2013
  Agreeing to Disagree: The voting records of EU Member States in the Council since 2009, VoteWatch Europe Annual Report, 2012
  Aken, Wim Van, Voting in the Council of the European Union: Contested Decision-Making in the EU Council of Ministers (1995-2010), Swedish Institute for European Policy Studies, 2012, page 53
  Hannan, Daniel, The Case for EFTA, Bruges Group
  http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/structure/pdfs/un-system-chart-color-sm.pdf
  http://research.un.org/en/docs/law
  As Monnet (1976) wrote: ‘un nouveau type d’homme [qui] était en train de naître dans les institutions de Luxembourg comme dans un laboratoire .. c’était l’esprit européen qui était le fruit du travail en commun’, cited in Spence 1994: Page 63. And Shore, Dr Cris, European Union and the Politics of Culture, The Bruges Group, 15th December 2001
  http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/who/partners/civil-society/index_en.htm
  http://ec.europa.eu/budget/contracts_grants/fts/fts_en.cfm
  Snowdon, Christopher, Euro Puppets: The European Commission’s remaking of civil society, Institute of Economic Affairs, February 2013
  Farage, Nigel, Democracy in Crisis: The White Paper on European Governance, Bruges Group, 2002
  David Cameron warns lobbying is next political scandal, The Daily Telegraph, 8th February 2010


The Choices for Britain
  http://www.labour.org.uk/reform-europe-douglas-alexander-speech-chatham-house
  Agreeing to Disagree: The voting records of EU Member States in the Council since 2009, VoteWatch Europe Annual Report, 2012
  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/financialcrisis/8699665/George-Osborne-calls-for-move-towards-eurozone-fiscal-union.html
  http://www.brugesgroup.com/EuropeSpeech23January2013.pdf
  BBC website, 5th February 2013
  http://www.cep.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/Pressemappe/CEP_in_den_Medien/Herzog-EuGH-Webseite_eng.pdf
  http://www.europarl.europa.eu/charter/pdf/text_en.pdf
  http://european-convention.eu.int/pdf/lknen.pdf
  http://ec.europa.eu/justice/criminal/criminal-law-policy/
  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52005DC0462:EN:NOT
  Towler, Gawain, Another slice of the Salami: How the European Criminal Code is being introduced by stealth, Bruges Group, 2005
  MEMO/05/437 - Commission welcomes Court of Justice judgment recognising the exclusive competence of the Community to adopt criminal law measures to ensure the effectiveness of Community law
  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4574968.stm
  http://www.euractiv.com/priorities/sweden-admits-lisbon-agenda-fail-news-221962
  http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2012/mar/21/norway-eu-fish-discards-ban
  Andreasen, Marta, Brussels Laid Bare: How the EU treated its Chief Accountant when she refused to go along with its fraud and waste, St Edwards Press, 2009, pages 93 – 105
  http://www.nujcec.org/brussels/index.php/activities/campaigns/curr_camp/euinstit-trans/
  Financial Times 17th March 1999
  Shore, Dr Cris, European Union and the Politics of Culture, the Bruges Group
  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/6078982.stm
  EU auditors must tone down criticism of Brussels spending, says Herman Van Rompuy, The Daily Telegraph, 13th September 2013
  http://eca.europa.eu/portal/pls/portal/docs/1/18320745.PDF
  Thatcher, Margaret, Statecraft: Strategies for a changing world, Harper Collins Publishers, 2002, pages 372 – 376
  http://www.independent.co.uk/news/major-acclaims-subsidiarity-british-ec-presidency-launched-with-stress-on-sovereignty--labour-cools-on-referendum-1530704.html
  Advocate General Leger in European Court of Justice Case C-84/94; Common Market Law Reports Vol.77 1996 pp.671-723 (1996) 3 CMLR 671
  Bercow, John, Subsidiarity and the Illusion of Democratic Control, Bruges Group, 2003
  http://www.brugesgroup.com/eu/godfather-of-the-european-union-altiero-spinelli.htm?xp=paper
  http://europa.eu/about-eu/eu-history/1945-1959/foundingfathers/spinelli/index_en.htm
  http://ec.europa.eu/smart-regulation/better_regulation/documents/com_2011_0344_en.pdf
  Miller, Vaughne, National Parliaments and EU law-making: how is the ‘yellow card’ system working? SN/IA/6297, House of Commons Library, 12th April 2012, page 10
  http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2004:310:0207:0209:EN:PDF
  https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/pm-statement-on-the-european-council-december-2010
  http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/eu_borrower/efsm/
http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/economic_and_monetary_affairs/institutional_and_economic_framework/l25005_en.htm
  http://www.euractiv.com/uk-europe/dutch-help-cameron-reform-eu-analysis-529606
  http://www.government.nl/news/2013/06/21/european-where-necessary-national-where-possible.html
  http://www.heritage.org/index/ranking
  Unleashing Cross-Border Services, Report on Implementation of the Services Directive, Business Europe, January 2011
  http://www.eubusiness.com/topics/sme/eurochambres.10-02-02/
  Niskanen, William A, Bureaucracy and Public Economics, Edward Elgar Publishing, The Locke Institute


Which Way Out?
  http://untreaty.un.org/ilc/texts/instruments/english/conventions/1_1_1969.pdf
  Article 218 (Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union)
3. The Commission, or the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy where the agreement envisaged relates exclusively or principally to the common foreign and security policy, shall submit recommendations to the Council, which shall adopt a decision authorising the opening of negotiations and, depending on the subject of the agreement envisaged, nominating the Union negotiator or the head of the Union’s negotiating team.
  Article 238 (3) (b) By way of derogation from point (a), where the Council does not act on a proposal from the Commission or from the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the qualified majority shall be defined as at least 72 % of the members of the Council representing the participating Member States, comprising at least 65 % of the population of these States.


The implications of withdrawal
  http://www.tradingeconomics.com/switzerland/balance-of-trade
  Centre for Swiss Politics, University of Kent, Switzerland’s Approach to EU Engagement: A Financial Services Perspective, City of London, April 2013, page 4
  http://tariffdata.wto.org/TariffList.aspx
  Milne, Ian, Saying ‘No’ to the Single Market, Bruges Group, 2013, pages 36 - 37
  Lawson, Lord Nigel, The Times, 7th May 2013
  Office of National Statistics Pink Book 2012 Chapter 9, Table 9.2 Current Account Credits
  Leaving the EU, House of Commons Research Paper, 13/42, page 32
  Ronald Stewart-Brown and Felix Bungay, Rules of Origin in EU Free Trade Agreements, Trade Policy Research Centre, 2012 
Professor Iain Begg, The Daily Telegraph, 23rd Janaury 2013
  Council Regulation (EC) No 384/96 of 22nd December 1995 on protection against dumped imports from countries not members of the European Community
  Minford, Professor Patrick, An Economic Analysis of a Troubled Relationship, Edward Elgar, May 2005
  http://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/Ernst-and-Youngs-attractiveness-survey-UK-2013-No-room-for-complacency/$FILE/EY_UK_Attractiveness_2013.pdf#page=37
  Pain, Nigel & Young, Garry, The macroeconomic impact of UK withdrawal from the EU, Economic Modelling, volume 21, Issue 3, 2004, pages 387-408
  http://unctadstat.unctad.org/TableViewer/tableView.aspx
  Source for calculations: HMRC Tax expenditures and ready reckoners 2013-14
  eurostat, Taxation trends in the European Union, 29th April 2013
  Lord McNair, The Law of Treaties, 1961, pages 531 – 532. And, Leaving the EU, House of Commons Research Paper, 13/42
  Anders Borg, Financial Times, 27th February 2013
  Vaubel, Professor Roland, Secession in the European Union, 2013, page 7
  Lyddon Bob, The UK’s risks and exposure to the European Investment Bank and other European financial mechanisms: amounts, safeguards and breaches in the dyke, The Bruges Group, 2012
  Council Regulation 1010/2000 of 8th May 2000


Alternatives to the EU
  EFTA in Figures, THIS IS EFTA 2013, European Free Trade Association, 2013, figure 9
  Free Trade Agreements, THIS IS EFTA 2013, European Free Trade Association, 2013
  http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+WQ+E-2013-004502+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN&language=en
  Free Trade Agreements, THIS IS EFTA 2013, European Free Trade Association, 2013
  For a full list of the programmes visit  http://www.efta.int/eea/eu-programmes.aspx
  Leaving the EU, House of Commons Research Paper, 13/42
  Article 102, AGREEMENT ON THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AREA, (OJ No L 1, 3.1.1994, p. 3; and EFTA States’ official gazettes)
  Commission Staff Working document: A review of the functioning of the European Economic Area, Brussels, 12 December 2012, 17626/12
  http://www.efta.int/~/media/Files/Publications/Bulletins/EFTA-Bulletin-2012.pdf page 43
  North, Dr Richard, The ‘Norway Option’ Joining the EEA as an alternative to membership of the European Union, 2013
  Commission Staff Working document: A review of the functioning of the European Economic Area, Brussels, 12 December 2012, 17626/12
  Figure 8, Comparisons of Economic Indicators from 2011, THIS IS EFTA 2013, European Free Trade Association, 2013
  Swiss Confederation, Integration Office FDFA/FDEA, Europe Report, 2006. And Ruth Lea and Brian Binley MP, Britain and Europe: a new relationship, Global Vision, 2012
  DECISION No 1/95 OF THE EC-TURKEY ASSOCIATION COUNCIL of 22nd December 1995 on implementing the final phase of the Customs Union (96/142/EC)
  The Commonwealth Business Council & City of London, Commonwealth Economic Partnerships Forum, October 2010. And Ruth Lea and Brian Binley MP, Britain and Europe: a new relationship, Global Vision, 2012
  Sarianna M Lundan and Geoffrey Jones, The “Commonwealth Effect” and the Process of Internationalisation, The World Economy, Volume 24, Issue 1, 2001
  Joanna Bennett, Paul Chappell, Howard Reed and Dhananjayan Sriskandarajah, Trading places: the ‘Commonwealth effect’ revisited, The Royal Commonwealth Society, 2010
  The Rt Hon. The Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven LG OM FRS, Statecraft: Strategies for a Changing World, HarperCollins, New York, 2002


Conclusion
  http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_data/docs/pressdata/en/ec/139197.pdf
  http://www.eureferendum.com/blogview.aspx?blogno=84442


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